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Gin is made by distilling a neutral grain alcohol with juniper berries and other botanicals. Depending on the variety, its alcoholic range varies between 37 - 47 %.
Origins of gin
The history of gin goes back to the seventeenth century in Holland. A doctor was looking for an effective solution for several kidney-related diseases. Thus, he made the first distillation of alcohol along with rye, barley and corn, to which juniper was added later.
Thanks to several campaigns conducted in Holland, British military officers discovered the drink and introduced it to Great Britain, where it became very popular. Nevertheless, a few years later, the British government decided to tax the imports to the country; Imports of Dutch gin into the United Kingdom were drastically reduced and national gin production started in the country.
There are some differences between Dutch and British gin. In the Dutch variety, soft spirits are distilled along with treated and fermented malt. Later they're mixed with different elements in order to obtain a gin with a strength of approximately 44% ABV. As for the British variety, a reduced strong alcohol is used. Then some herbs are added and it's distilled again. British gin has a somewhat higher ABV, around 47%.
The most famous gin cocktails:
Currently, there is a large selection of cocktails with gin as the main ingredient. One of the most famous in the world is the Dry Martini along with the classic Gin and Tonic. There are also others, like the Gin Fizz, Negroni and the Bronx.
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