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One of the major production areas of Germany, formerly called Rheinpfalz, occupies almost 23,400ha. between the Rheinhessen area (in the north) and France (in the south).
It's a long, narrow strip of 80 kilometers by about seven kilometers. In the north, the wines are fresher and lighter, and in the south they are rounder and warmer.
In the northern half, Mittelhardt, we can find the most prestigious vineyards. However, in the south, Südliche, they are bringing about significant improvements. As a curiosity we must comment that the most southern vineyard (Schweigener Sonnenberg) is on French territory. Together with the predominant Riesling, they emphasize the cultivation of Müller-Thurgau, Kerner, Silvaner, Scheurebe, Gewürztraminer and Morio-Muskat.
In the north there is more Riesling cultivation, and in the south the Queen Caste gives way to others. There are quite a lot of red grape cultivars, especially pinot noir, cabernet sauvignon or even merlot. Statistics say that 65% of the produce is white and 35% is red.
These 'dry’ rieslings usually have between 4 and 10 grams of residual sugar per liter, which is not normally noticed, but which makes up for the acidity really well. It's actually quite difficult to find rieslings with less than 4 grams of sugar, although there are exceptions, like the 'ultra-dry' style of in the Alsatian Trimbach.
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